SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AND SETA
Skills development is the key requirement for economic growth in South Africa. Scarce and critical skills have been identified to boost economic growth as well as to empower the previously disadvantaged majority. To this end the minister of labour established the Sector Education and Training Authority in 2000 (SETA). It consists of 23 bodies including employers, trade unions, government departments and bargaining councils from each industrial sector.
Ensure availability of adequate and appropriate skills by identifying critical skills requirements of the various sectors
- Develop and implement strategic sector skills plans
Implement training quality control measures
- Administer and disburse grants and levies collected from employers in their sector for the design and implementation of learnerships.
THE GRANTS AND HOW THEY WORK
Mandatory grants are based on the levy paid by employers and is fixed as a percentage of the levies paid by an employer.
Discretionary cash grants are paid to employers, learners, providers and other stakeholders for various skills development initiatives.
- An employer may claim a grant from the relevant SETA after payment of the skills development levy and after successful submission of an Annual Training Report.
- The employer receives 50% of the total levies paid or forfeits the right to claim mandatory grants.
- The Minister of Labour regulates the grants.
- The levy collected from employers is public money. The Director-General of the Department of Labour is the Accounting Officer.
- SETAS report to the Director-General on the efficient and effective use of their funds to ensure that they operate in a manner that is not wasteful or irresponsible.
FURTHER EDUCATION AND TRAINING
FET is focused on learnerships for learners from grades 10 to 12. It includes career-oriented education and training offered in FET institutions – technical colleges, community colleges and private colleges.
It includes the traditional apprenticeships of the past and combine practice and theory, on-the-job and off-the-job education and training.
- Promotes core skills such as literacy and numeracy, teamwork and problem-solving.
Certificates are issued to learners on successful completion of the learnership and recognised as valid qualifications.